Waqar Zaidi is Associate Professor of History at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at LUMS. His research focuses on the relationship(s) between technology and international relations in the twentieth century. Current research interests include scientific and technological internationalism, aviation, atomic energy, arms control, and A.I. He has published across a wide range of history and STS journals, and has a book forthcoming with Cambridge University Press in 2020, titled Technological Internationalism and World Order: Aviation and Atomic Energy, 1920-50.  

Waqar Zaidi has an MSc and PhD in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine from Imperial College London, and a BA(Hons) in Physics from the University of Oxford. He is a Research Affiliate at the Governance of A.I. Program at the Future of Humanities Institute at the University of Oxford, and a Research Collaborator at the Research Institute for the History of Global Arms Transfer, Meiji University. He is also a member of the DHST Historical Commission on Science, Technology and Diplomacy and of the Centre for the Study of Internationalism at Birkbeck College, London. He is also Associate Editor of the interdisciplinary open access journal Palgrave Communications. 

At LUMS Waqar is Director of the Office of International Studies, and teaches a variety of undergraduate courses in global and European history, and in the history of science and technology. 

Publications

Books

1. Technological Internationalism and World Order: Aviation and Atomic Energy, 1920-50 (Manuscript under contract with Cambridge University Press, UK).

Journal Articles

1. “Natural Scientists as Political Experts: Atomic Scientists and Their Claims for Expertise on International Relations, 1945-1947”. Centaurus: An International Journal of the History of Science and its Cultural Aspects. (Accepted, Revise and Resubmit)

2. “Pakistani Civil Aviation and U.S Aid to Pakistan, 1950-1961”. The Journal of Research Institute for the History of Global Arms Transfer 8, 83-97. (2019)

3. “Stages of War, Stages of Man: Quincy Wright and the Liberal Internationalist Study of War”. International History Review 40(2), 416-435. (2018)

4. “Convertibility and the Militaristic Perversion of Aviation in Disarmament Discourses, 1919-1945”. The Journal of Research Institute for the History of Global Arms Transfer 5, 19-36. (2018).

5. “‘Aviation Will Either Destroy or Save Our Civilization’: Proposals for the International Control of Aviation, 1920-1945”. Journal of Contemporary History 46(1), 150-178. (2011).

6. “A Blessing in Disguise: Reconstructing International Relations Through Atomic Energy, 1945-1948”. Past and Present 210(6), 309-331. (2011).

7. “The Janus-face of Techno-nationalism: Barnes Wallis and the ‘Strength of England’”. Technology and Culture 49(1), 62-88. (2008).

Book Chapters

8. “Technology, Government, Institutions”. In Lars Heide and Anique Hommels (eds.), The Bloomsbury Cultural History of Technology volume 6: The Modern Age. London: Bloomsbury. (Accepted)

9. “Liberal Internationalism and the Search for International Peace”. In William M. Knoblauch, Michael Loadenthal, and Christian P Peterson (eds.), A History of World Peace Since 1750 (59-69). London: Routledge. (2018).

10. “‘Wings for Peace’ versus ‘Airopia’: Contested Visions of Postwar European Aviation in World War Two Britain”. In Martin Schiefelbusch and Hans-Liudger Dienel (eds.), Linking Networks: The Formation of Common Standards and Visions for Infrastructure Development (151-168). London: Ashgate. (2014).

11. “An Historian’s Perspective on Technology and the Cold War”. In Michael R. Fitzgerald and Allen Packwood (eds.), Out of the Cold: The Cold War and Its Legacy (95-100). London: Bloomsbury. (2013).

12. “Liberal Internationalist Approaches to Science and Technology in Interwar Britain and the U.S”. In D. Laqua (ed.), Internationalism Reconfigured: Transnational Ideas and Movements Between the World Wars (17-43). London: I.B. Tauris. (2011).

13. “David Mitrany and Ernst Haas: Theorising a United Europe”. In Alexander Badenoch and Andreas Fickers (eds.), Europe Materializing: Transnational Infrastructures and the Project of Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave. (2010).

14. “The Historical Significance of Proposals for the Formation of an International Air Police”. In Nestor Herran et al. (eds.), Synergia: Primer encuentro de jóvenes investigadores en historia de la ciencia (243-262). Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. (2007).

Reviews (Books, Conferences, Workshops)

15. Review of The Rarified Air of the Modern: Airplanes and Technological Modernity in the Andes, by Willie Hiatt. English Historical Review. Online DOI: 10.1093/ehr/cez063. (2019).

16. Review of Fascism, Aviation and Mythical Modernity, by Fernando Esposito. English Historical Review 132(556), 755–757. (2017).

17. Review of Scientific Governance in Britain 1914-79, by D. Leggett and C. Sleigh (eds.). Annals of Science 74(2), 171-172. (2017).

18. Review of British Nuclear Culture: Official and Unofficial Narratives in the Long Twentieth Century, by Jonathan Hogg. British Journal for the History of Science 49(3), 518-520. (2016).

19. Review of Wiring the World: The Social and Cultural Creation of Global Telegraph Networks, by Simone M. Müller. H-Sci-Med-Tech, H-Net Reviews. http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=46826. (2016).

20. Review of Cursed Victory: A History of Israel and The Occupied Territories, by Ahron Bregman. Dawn Books and Authors Section. (2014).

21. Review of Prime Movers of Globalization: the History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines, by Vaclav Smil. Ambix: Journal for the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry 59(1), 73-74. (2012).

22. Review of The Two Cultures Controversy: Science, Literature and Cultural Politics in Postwar Britain, by Guy Ortolano. The Journal of British Studies 49(1), 220-221. (2010).

23. Review of Eisenhower, Science Advice, and the Nuclear Test-Ban Debate, 1945–1963, by Benjamin P. Greene. Cold War History 9(4), 536-537. (2009).

24. Review of Einstein and Eddington, directed by Peter Moffat. Viewpoint: Newsletter of the British Society for the History of Science 88, 11. (2009).

25. Report of Meeting: Planning, Production and Reproduction in Postwar Europe. Fourth Balzan Workshop. History Workshop Journal 65(1), 279-283. (2008).

26. Review of Sky as Frontier: Adventure, Aviation, and Empire, by David T. Courtwright. Aerospace Professional, 23. (2007).

27. Reports of Meeting: HSS/SHOT, Minneapolis. Viewpoint: Newsletter of the British Society for the History of Science 79, 7. (2006).

Encyclopedia Entries

28. “Mobile Phones”. In Sage Encyclopedia of World Poverty 2nd edition (pp. 1054-1056). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. (2015).

29. “Technology Divide”. In Sage Encyclopedia of World Poverty 2nd edition (pp. 1524-1527). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. (2015).

Zaidi, W. (2021). Scientists as political experts: Atomic scientists and their claims for expertise on international relations, 1945–1947. Centaurus, doi:10.1111/1600-0498.12362.

Zaidi, W. (2018). Convertibility and the Militaristic Perversion of Aviation in Disarmament Discourses, 1919-1945. Journal of Research Institute for the History of Global Arms Transfer, The, 5, 19-36.

Zaidi, W. (2018). Stages of War, Stages of Man: Quincy Wright and the Liberal Internationalist Study of War. International History Review, 40 (2), 416-435, doi:10.1080/07075332.2017.1323774.

Zaidi, W. (2017). Review of Scientific Governance in Britain 1914-79, by D. Leggett and C. Sleigh (eds.). Annals of Science, 74 (2), 171-172, doi:10.1080/00033790.2016.1273389.

Zaidi, W. (2017). Review of Fascism, Aviation and Mythical Modernity, by Fernando Esposito. English Historical Review, 132 (556), 755-757, doi:10.1093/ehr/cex099.

Zaidi, W. (2016). Review of British Nuclear Culture: Official and Unofficial Narratives in the Long Twentieth Century, by Jonathan Hogg. British Journal for the History of Science, 49 (3), 518-520, doi:10.1017/S000708741600100X.

Zaidi, W. (2012). Review of Prime Movers of Globalization: the History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines, by Vaclav Smil. Journal for the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry, 59 (1), 73-74, doi:10.1179/174582312X13296104891517.

Zaidi, W. (2011). A Blessing in Disguise: Reconstructing International Relations Through Atomic Energy, 1945-1948. Past and Present, 210 (6), 309-331, doi:10.1093/pastj/gtq052.

Zaidi, W. (2011). 'Aviation Will Either Destroy or Save Our Civilization': Proposals for the International Control of Aviation, 1920-1945. Journal of Contemporary History, 46 (1), 150-178, doi:10.1177/0022009410375257.

Zaidi, W. (2010). Review of The Two Cultures Controversy: Science, Literature and Cultural Politics in Postwar Britain, by Guy Ortolano. The Journal of British Studies, 49 (1), 220-221, doi:10.1086/650635.

Zaidi, W. (2009). Review of Eisenhower, Science Advice, and the Nuclear Test-Ban Debate, 1945–1963, by Benjamin P. Greene. Cold War History, 9 (4), 536-537, doi:10.1080/14682740903268602.

Zaidi, W. (2009). Review of Einstein and Eddington, directed by Peter Moffat. Viewpoint: Newsletter of the British Society for the History of Science, 88 (11).

Zaidi, W. (2008). The Janus-face of Techno-nationalism: Barnes Wallis and the 'Strength of England'. Technology and Culture, 49 (1), 62-88, doi:10.1353/tech.2008.0043.

Zaidi, W. (2008). Report of Meeting: Planning, Production and Reproduction in Postwar Europe. Fourth Balzan Workshop. History Workshop Journal, 65 (1), 279-283, doi:10.1093/hwj/dbn019.

Zaidi, W. (2007). Review of Sky as Frontier: Adventure, Aviation, and Empire, by David T. Courtwright. Aerospace Professional, 23.

Zaidi, W. (2006). Reports of Meeting: HSS/SHOT, Minneapolis. Viewpoint: Newsletter of the British Society for the History of Science, 79 (7).

Zaidi, W. (2018). Liberal Internationalism and the Search for International Peace, Published. William M. Knoblauch, Michael Loadenthal, and Christian P Peterson (Eds.), A History of World Peace Since 1750, (pp. 59-69), Routledge.

Zaidi, W. (2015). Technology Divide, Published. Sage Encyclopedia of World Poverty, 2nd Edition, (pp. 1524-1527), Sage Publications.

Zaidi, W. (2015). Mobile Phones, Published. Sage Encyclopedia of World Poverty, 2nd Edition, (pp. 1054-1056), Sage Publications.

Zaidi, W. (2014). 'Wings for Peace' versus 'Airopia': Contested Visions of Postwar European Aviation in World War Two Britain, Published. Martin Schiefelbusch and Hans-Liudger Dienel (Eds.), Linking Networks: The Formation of Common Standards and Visions for Infrastructure Development, (pp. 151-168), Routledge.

Zaidi, W. (2013). An Historian's Perspective on Technology and the Cold War, Published. D. Laqua (Eds.), Out of the Cold: The Cold War and Its Legacy, (pp. 95-100), Bloomsbury.

Zaidi, W. (2011). Liberal Internationalist Approaches to Science and Technology in Interwar Britain and the U.S, Published. D.Laqua (Eds.), Internationalism Reconfigured: Transnational Ideas and Movements Between the World Wars, I.B. Tauris.

Zaidi, W. (2010). David Mitrany and Ernst Haas: Theorising a United Europe, Published. Alexander Badenoch and Andreas Fickers (Eds.), Europe Materializing: Transnational Infrastructures and the Project of Europe, Palgrave.

Zaidi, W. (2007). The Historical Significance of Proposals for the Formation of an International Air Police, Published. Nestor Herran et al. (Eds.), Synergia: Primer encuentro de jóvenes investigadores en historia de la ciencia, (pp. 243-262), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.

Zaidi, W. (2021). Technological Internationalism and World Order: Aviation, Atomic Energy, and the Search for International Peace, 1920–1950 (Science in History), Cambridge University Press.

Zaidi, W. (2018). "Natural Scientists as Political Experts: Atomic Scientists and Their Claims for Expertise on International Relations, 1945-1947". European Society for the History of Science Conference, London, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2017). "Science in the Liberal Internationalist Imagination, 1939-1945". 25th International Congress of History of Science and Technology, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.

Zaidi, W. (2017). "The State of the Discipline: History of Technology in Pakistan". Annual Meeting of the Society for the History of Technology, Philadelphia, United States of America.

Zaidi, W. (2015). "The Promise of Atomic Energy and the Contested Emergence of Atomic Expertise, 1945-1946". Annual Meeting of the History of Science Society, San Francisco, United States of America.

Zaidi, W. (2015). "Tackling "The Problem of Atomic Energy": the Contested Emergence of Techno-scientific Atomic Expertise, 1945-1946". Annual Meeting of the Society for the History of Technology, Alberquerque, United States of America.

Zaidi, W. (2014). "The Social Construction of Expertise at the Dawn of the Atomic Age, 1945-47". HSS Seminar, LUMS, Lahore, Pakistan.

Zaidi, W. (2014). "Internationalism and the Origins of the Baruch Plan for the International Control of Atomic Energy". Society for the History of American Foreign Relations, Annual Conference, Lexington, United States of America.

Zaidi, W. (2013). "So Clean? Soap, Imperialism, and the Transformation of 19th Century Consumerism". Seminar presentation at LUMS, Lahore, Pakistan.

Zaidi, W. (2010). "James T. Shotwell and the Struggle for Atomic Internationalism, 1945-1947". British Association for American Studies 55th Annual Conference, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2010). "'Wings for Peace' versus 'Airopia': Contested Visions of Postwar European Aviation in World War Two Britain". Final ESF EUROCORES Programme Inventing Europe and Fourth Tensions of Europe Conference, University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Zaidi, W. (2009). "Technology in the Cold War: A Short Historiographical Overview". Conference on 'The Cold War and its Legacy', Churchill College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2009). "Science and Technology in Liberal Internationalism in France, the United States and Great Britain, 1920-1945". Seminar presentation at the Eindhoven Centre for Innovation Studies, Eindhoven Technical University, Eindhoven, Netherlands.

Zaidi, W. (2008). "The Liberal Internationalist Commitment to Science and Technology during the Interwar Period". Workshop on 'Interwar Internationalism: Conceptualising Transnational Thought and Action, 1919 – 1939', UCL, London, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2008). "British Liberal Internationalism and the Reconstruction of International Relations: Proposals for the Internationalisation of Atomic Energy, 1945-1948". Balzan Conference on 'Post-War Reconstruction in Europe', Birkbeck College, University of London, London, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2008). "Aviation will either Destroy or Save our Civilization: Proposals for the Internationalisation of Aviation, 1931-1939". Conference on 'La culture aérienne: Objets, imaginaire, pratiques de l'aéronautique XVIIIe-XXe siècle', Musée de l'air et de l'espace, Le Bourget, Paris, France.

Zaidi, W. (2008). "Reinterpreting Early Cold War Scientific and Atomic Internationalism". Seminar presentation at the Cold War Studies Centre, London School of Economics, London, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2008). "Rethinking the Origins, Character and Significance of Post-war Atomic Internationalism". 'Peace Movements in the Cold War and Beyond: An International Conference', London School of Economics, London, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2008). "Rethinking the 'Atomic Scientists Movement': The Transformation of Interwar Aerial Internationalism into Postwar Atomic Internationalism". British Society for the History of Science, Annual Conference, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2007). "Aerial Disarmament and the Internationalisation of Aviation at the 1932 Geneva Disarmament Conference". Conference on 'Britain and Europe', Centre for Contemporary British History, London, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2007). "'Aviation Will either Destroy or Save our Civilization': Interwar Liberal Internationalism and Proposals for the Internationalisation of Aviation". International Relations Workshop, London School of Economics, London, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2006). "The Janus-Face of Postwar British Technocracy: Conservative Aeronautical Engineers and the Techno-Nationalist Critique of Britain". 'Scientists and Social Commitment' Conference, Science Museum, London, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2006). "Barnes Wallis: Technology, Ideology and Nationalism in Postwar Britain". 'Faith and Ideologies' Conference, Institute of Historical Research, London, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2006). "Proposals for the Formation of an International Air Police: A Case of Interwar Technological Internationalism". British Society for the History of Science, Annual Conference, University of Kent, Canterbury, United Kingdom.

Zaidi, W. (2006). "Proposals for the Internationalization of Aviation: A Case of Interwar Technological Internationalism". 'Technology and Rethinking European Borders' Conference, Lappeenranta, Finland.

Zaidi, W. (2006). "Wagons-Lits of the Air: The Rhetoric of Internationalisation in World War Two Britain". First Annual Tensions of Europe Summer School, Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France.

Zaidi, W. (2006). "The Same Old Problem dressed up in a New and More Devilish Guise: The Transformation of Interwar Aerial Internationalism into Postwar Atomic Internationalism". Contec Seminar, History, Philosophy and Technology Studies Unit, Eindhoven Technical University, Eindhoven, Netherlands.

Zaidi, W. (2005). "Interwar Technological Internationalism". I Encuentro de Jóvenes Investigadores en Historia de la Ciencia, Valencia, Spain.

Zaidi, W. (2005). "Proposals for the International Police Force: A Case of Interwar Technological Internationalism". Annual Conference of the Society for the History of Technology, Minneapolis, United States of America.

Zaidi, W. (2005). "Barnes Wallis' Public Lectures and Speeches, 1950-1970". British Society for the History of Science, Annual Conference, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.