Rashid Memon (Assistant Professor, Economics), Ahmed Yunas Samad (Visiting Faculty, HSS), and Furrukh A. Khan (Associate Professor, HSS) have been awarded a three-year research grant from the European Commission. This EU-funded research project is part of an effort to connect the literature on migration management with that on the migration-development nexus.
Since the turn of the millennium, migratory flows have increasingly been viewed through the lens of ‘management’ rather than ‘control’. The new framework envisages a collaborative effort with countries of origin and transit (of which Pakistan is one). In tandem with the emergence of the migration management paradigm, researchers and policy makers have embraced the idea that migration and development affect each other through various two-way interactions which may be susceptible to policy interventions. Root causes of migration, identified by this literature, are now central to the European Union effort to manage migration and the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa in 2015 represents a clear and substantial commitment to this effect.
In this project, they aim to take an approach that aligns the two research fields and translate the connections into policy implications. Approach involves recognizing the multi-faceted nature of migration and development and producing a nuanced narrative by disaggregating development, migration, causal links, and countries. The latter, in particular, emphasizes the importance of how local contexts shape opportunities and choices. The framework must accommodate the local, the national, and the supranational.
The investigators will bring two methodological innovations to the project: the introduction of Qualitative Comparative Analysis to migration studies (in addition to a large quantitative survey); and improvements to the measurement of potential migration—with the expectation that their work will help in bringing about a better understanding of the determinants of migration and the two-way interaction between migration and development process and contribute to increasing the policy coherence and effectiveness in the EU’s approach to managing migration.
As part of the project, social scientists from Norway, UK, Pakistan, Ghana, Turkey, Netherlands, and Afghanistan will conduct research on migratory flows from 25 areas in 10 countries – Pakistan, Somalia, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Ghana, Guinea, Cabo Verde, Tunisia, Turkey, and Afghanistan.